Scopes of Practice > Pharmacists

Scope of Practice from Individual Acts

The practice of pharmacy is,

(a) the custody, compounding, dispensing and prescribing of drugs;

(b) the provision of health care aids and devices;

(c) the provision of information and education related to the use of anything mentioned in clauses (a) and (b); and

(d) the promotion of health, prevention and treatment of disease, disorders and dysfunctions through monitoring and management of medication therapy.

Alternate / Additional Description of Scope

Your pharmacist is a highly-educated, trusted member of your family’s health care team. Pharmacists are professionally trained individuals held to a high standard of practice. Your pharmacist has met the following standards before receiving their license to practice:

  • At least four to five years of university-level pharmacy education
  • Trained and qualified in all aspects of handling medications, including dispensing prescription and non-prescription medications, drug therapy and understanding drug interactions and side-effects
  • Trained in the principles of good pharmaceutical care including patient counselling and care
  • Aware of all health care and pharmacy laws governing pharmaceuticals, pharmacists roles and pharmacy operations
  • Qualified to counsel patients in at least one of Ontario and Canada's official languages, English or French
  • Successfully completed provincial and national examinations on pharmacy practice and applicable pharmacy laws and standards

Maintain a continuing education program (portfolio) as well as participate in life-long quality assurance program

Summarized Controlled Acts

Administering a substance by injection or inhalation (partial)

Perform a procedure on tissue below the dermis (partial)

Prescribing, dispensing, selling or compounding a drug (partial)


Authorized Acts

4.  (1)  In the course of engaging in the practice of pharmacy, a member is authorized, subject to the terms, conditions and limitations imposed on his or her certificate of registration, to perform the following:

1. Dispensing, selling or compounding a drug or supervising the part of a pharmacy where drugs are kept.

2. Administering, by injection or inhalation, a substance specified in the regulations.

3. Prescribing a drug specified in the regulations.

4. Prescribing a drug, other than a drug mentioned in paragraph 3, in accordance with the regulations.

5. Performing a procedure on tissue below the dermis. 2009, c. 26, s. 21 (2).

Additional requirements for authorized acts

(2)  A member is not authorized to perform a procedure under the authority of paragraph 2, 3, 4 or 5 of subsection (1) unless the member performs the procedure in accordance with requirements established by the regulations. 2009, c. 26, s. 21 (2).