Scopes of Practice > Optometrists

Scope of Practice from Individual Acts

The practice of optometry is the assessment of the eye and vision system and the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of,

(a) disorders of refraction;

(b) sensory and oculomotor disorders and dysfunctions of the eye and vision system; and

(c) prescribed diseases.

Alternate / Additional Description of Scope

An optometrist is a doctor of optometry who examines patients in order to diagnose, treat, manage and prevent diseases and disorders of the eye and vision system and its related structures. An optometrist may also provide, fit and adjust eyeglasses, contact lenses or subnormal vision devices for patients who require them.

Summarized Controlled Acts

Applying or ordering the application of a form of energy (partial)

Communicating a diagnosis

Prescribing or dispensing, contact lenses or eye glasses

Prescribing, dispensing, selling or compounding a drug (partial)




Authorized Acts

4.  In the course of engaging in the practice of optometry, a member is authorized, subject to the terms, conditions and limitations imposed on his or her certificate of registration, to perform the following:

1. Communicating a diagnosis identifying, as the cause of a person’s symptoms, a disorder of refraction, a sensory or oculomotor disorder of the eye or vision system or a prescribed disease.

2. Applying a prescribed form of energy.

2.1 Prescribing drugs designated in the regulations.

3. Prescribing or dispensing, for vision or eye problems, subnormal vision devices, contact lenses or eye glasses. 1991, c. 35, s. 4; 2007, c. 10, Sched. B, s. 17 (1).