Scopes of Practice > Occupational Therapists

Scope of Practice from Individual Acts

The practice of occupational therapy is the assessment of function and adaptive behaviour and the treatment and prevention of disorders which affect function or adaptive behaviour to develop, maintain, rehabilitate or augment function or adaptive behaviour in the areas of self-care, productivity and leisure.

Alternate / Additional Description of Scope

Occupational therapists (OTs) are health care professionals who help people learn or re-learn to manage the everyday activities that are important to them, including caring for themselves or others, caring for their home, participating in paid and unpaid work and leisure activities. The people occupational therapists work with may be having difficulties because of an accident, disability, disease, emotional or developmental problem or change related to the normal aging process.


Occupational therapists work in hospitals, schools, long-term care facilities, mental health facilities, rehab clinics, community agencies, private homes, public or private health care offices and employment evaluation and training centres.

Summarized Controlled Acts

Treating, by means of psychotherapy technique


Authorized Acts

Note: On a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor, the Act is amended by the Statutes of Ontario, 2007, chapter 10, Schedule R, subsection 17 (1) by adding the following section:

3.1  (1)  A member is authorized, subject to the terms, conditions and limitations imposed on his or her certificate of registration, to treat, by means of psychotherapy technique delivered through a therapeutic relationship, an individual’s serious disorder of thought, cognition, mood, emotional regulation, perception or memory that may seriously impair the individual’s judgement, insight, behaviour, communication or social functioning. 2007, c. 10, Sched. R, s. 17 (1).

Additional requirements for authorized act

(2)  A member shall not perform the procedure provided for in subsection (1) unless the member performs the procedure in accordance with the regulations. 2007, c. 10, Sched. R, s. 17 (1).